Former Kenyan CIC Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi has passed on.

Updated: Mar 5

- The former head of state had been admitted at The Nairobi Hospital where he was under the care of his doctors.

- He was first rushed to the facility on October 28, 2019, and admitted at the Intensive Care Unit.

- The retired president ruled Kenya since 1978 before relinquishing power in 2002 to Mwai Kibaki.

- He was the Minister of Education in the pre-independence government between 1960 and 1961.

- Moi was appointed the country's second vice president in 1967.

Retired president Daniel Toroitich arap Moi has passed on.

Mzee Moi was pronounced dead on the early morning of Tuesday, February 4, by medics at The Nairobi Hospital where he was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).

For more than a quarter of a century, Daniel arap Moi dominated Kenyan politics.

He was a more populist politician than his predecessor Jomo Kenyatta and won widespread support in the country.

But he failed to dismantle Kenyatta's dictatorial style of rule and ruthlessly suppressed political opponents.

He earned the sobriquet "professor of politics" but his legacy was tarnished by economic stagnation and accusations of corruption.

Moi was born on 2 September 1924 into a farming family in Baringo county, mid-western Kenya.

First named Torotich arap ("son of") he adopted the name Daniel when, as a schoolboy, he was baptised by Christian missionaries.

From teacher to education minister

He was one of the few politicians in Kenya who belonged to neither of the main ethnic groups - Kikuyu and Luo. He was a Tugen, a member of one of the smallest tribal groupings in Kenya, the Kalenjin.

He became a teacher at the Government African School in 1945, advancing to head teacher the following year at the age of 22.

After two other moves he returned to Kapsabet in 1954 as a headmaster, where he remained until 1957.

He played no part in the Mau Mau rebellion but was sympathetic to the movement to gain independence from the UK and, at the height of the uprising, he sheltered five Mau Mau rebels on his farm for several weeks.

In March 1957 Moi was one of the first eight black people to be elected to the Legislative Council.

Early in 1960 he was one of the African delegates to the Lancaster House conference in London, which drafted a new Kenyan constitution granting black people a majority in the Legislative Council.

In 1961 he became minister of education and, in a coalition council of ministers, formed of Kanu (Kenya African Nationalist Union) and Kadu (Kenya African Democratic Union - Moi's party), he was named minister for local government.

National security

During this time he took part in the series of conferences preparing Kenya for independence and ensured that the new government would be a federal system providing regional autonomy, to protect the minorities.

When Kenya finally gained independence in December 1963 and Kenyatta became prime minister, Moi was designated shadow minister of agriculture.

Kadu's fortunes declined and it was dissolved with most of its leaders, including Moi, joining the ruling Kanu.

At the end of the following year, when Kenyatta became president, Moi was sworn in as minister for home affairs.

This was an important post as it made him head of Kenya's national police and charged him with the responsibility for maintaining national security.

While retaining this post, in January 1967 he was appointed Kenya's vice-president and vice-chairman of the Kanu parliamentary group.

During his period of office as home affairs minister most foreign observers agreed that Kenya had far fewer political prisoners and less internal repression than almost any other African country in the post-colonial period.

Air force disbanded

When Kenyatta died in August 1978, Moi immediately became interim president and from the outset he made it clear that he would keep the country on the same pro-Western course.

In October that year he was elected unanimously head of Kenya's only political party and became the country's second president.

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